Plants in your freshwater aquarium provide several advantages. Plants provide oxygen to your fish tank while also acting as biological auxiliary filters to keep it clean. Fish, in turn, give plants carbon dioxide and nutrients. Live aquatic plants are also beneficial to your health and make your aquarium appear more natural. It’s a triple win situation when it comes to keeping you, the fish, and the plants happy and healthy!
When looking into indoor plants online options, there are a few things to consider:
One: water parameters, which are specified levels of things in the water like temperature and pH. Hard water is known as having a high mineral concentration.
Two: Substrate – The surface on which a plant or animal lives is the substrate. (Do you intend to plant in rocks, gravel, or dirt? Is the plant like a lily pad that floats?)
Lighting is number three. Even aquatic plants require light to grow.
Four: Fish Compatibility – Consider your ferns and grasses as a salad if you have herbivorous fish.
Except for the last, the best plants are adaptable in all of the above factors. There are seven durable and appealing aquatic plant species to include in your aquarium:
Java Ferns are a type of fern that grows in Java (Microsorium Pteropus). Java ferns are eight inches tall, bushy, and have towering spade-shaped leaves. They develop in waters with a pH of 5.5 to 7.5 and 68 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. They can grow even in low-light tanks and require water with a hardness of 2 to 15 degrees. Instead of planting their roots, Java Ferns thrive best when they are connected to floating driftwood.
Sword of the Amazons – (Echinodorus amazonicus). The Amazon Sword reaches a height of 20 inches and has wide green leaves that fan out. They will thrive in a tank with a pH of 6.5-7.5. They also demand that the water temperature be kept between 72 and 82 degrees. In terms of illumination, for every 25 litres of water, supply 50 watts. They need the same hardness of water as Java Ferns and should be cultivated in a loose substrate with iron fertiliser.
Three: Sword of Argentina – (Echinodorus argentinensis). Swords from Argentina can reach a height of 18 inches and have long, thin stems. They prefer water temperatures between 60 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit and light water hardness. Otherwise, they require the same level of maintenance as the Amazon sword.
Four: Hygrophila Polysperma – Hygrophila Polysperma grow to be 24 inches tall. They have little reddish or green leaves and grow in clusters. The pH level in the tank should be 6.5-8, and the temperature should be between 68 and 85 degrees. The Sword plants’ lighting and water hardness requirements are the same. Hygrophila polysperma should be pruned now and then because it tends to branch out. As a result, it’s best to put them towards the middle and back of the tank, where they’ll have plenty of areas to grow.
Five: Umbrella Plant – (Spathiphyllum wallisii). Umbrella plants range in height from 8 to 12 inches tall. They feature long, slender stems with little leaves that branch out in a star configuration at the apex of each stem. They’re high-maintenance plants that require a pH of 5-7 and a temperature of 72-78 degrees. They need a lot of sunshine to thrive and water with a hardness of 4 to 12 degrees. Umbrella plants are not aquatic plants and will perish if entirely submerged in water. You can still have this lovely greenery in your fish’s environment if you grow the plant above ground and immerse the roots below.
Sixth: Vallisneria spiralis – This grass-like plant can reach a height of 24 inches. It should contain 50 watts of light per 50 litres of water, and the hardness of the water should be between 5 and 15 degrees. A ph level of 6.5-7.5 is required and a water temperature of 60-85 degrees Fahrenheit. Vallisneria spiralis is an excellent plant for new aquarists because it requires a wide variety of water parameters. These online order plants look best at the rear or along the sides of your aquarium.
Seventh: Anubias Barteri – Anubias Barteri is a large plant with wide green leaves that can grow up to 16 inches tall. The water temp should be kept between 72 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit, and the pH level should be within 6.5 and 7.5. These are also aquatic divas, requiring moderate sunlight and 8-degree water hardness. CO2 fertilisation is the best way to get them to grow.
In an aquarium, all of the plants covered in this post look fantastic. Because of their adaptability, the first three are the finest to acquire if you’re a beginner. But, as usual, do your homework before making a purchase.